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Interlayer Couplings Mediated by Antiferromagnetic Magnons

  • Author(s): Cheng, Ran
  • Xiao, Di
  • Zhu, Jian-Gang
  • et al.
Abstract

Collinear antiferromagnets (AFs) support two degenerate magnon excitations carrying opposite spin polarizations, by which magnons can function as electrons in various spin-related phenomena. In an insulating ferromagnet(F)/AF/F trilayer, we explore the magnon-mediated interlayer coupling by calculating the magnon thermal energy in the AF as a function of the orientations of the Fs. The effect manifests as an interlayer exchange interaction and a perpendicular magnetic anisotropy; they both depend on temperature and the AF thickness. In particular, the exchange interaction turns out to be antiferromagnetic at low temperatures and ferromagnetic at high temperatures, whose magnitude can be 10-100  μeV for nanoscale separations, allowing experimental verification.

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